The Malaysian Water Vison is undertaken by both the Malaysian Water Partnership (MWP) and the Malaysian National Committee for Irrigation and Drainage (MANCID). MANCID has conducted sectoral consultations with respect to water for food and rural development at both national (9 January 1999) and regional levels (17-19 May 1999).
Findings of their research have shown that f
Malaysia receives abundant rainfall averaging 3,000mm annually that contributes to an estimated annual water resource of some 900 billion cubic metres.
About 97% of our raw water supply are from rivers and rainfall. Majority of the usage goes to agricultural, domestic household and industrial needs are derived from surface water sources primarily rivers. "Malaysia has 189 river basins - 89 in Peninsular Malaysia, 78 in Sabah and 22 in Sarawak. All the rivers originate and flow from the highlands. " (Quoted WWF Malaysia)
Though the water supply in Malaysia have never fell short, the growth in population and GDP over the last three decades has resulted in heavy demand for clean water. The problem of population growth is particularly felt in the urban areas, due to rural-urban migration and growing urbanization. The exponential growth in urban population has stretched the government’s ability to answer infrastructure and service needs and provide the environmental conditions such as clean treated water required for better living.
Often the supporting infrastructure for the collection, treatment and disposal of sewage and solid wastes is inadequate to cope with the amounts generated. This state of affairs raises problems of water and air pollution, public health and urban environmental degradation.
The increased demand for the limited and diminishing supply of clean water available has led to competition among the various water users, a competition the continued economic growth exacerbates increasingly. In addition, as the readily available portion of water resources has already been developed for use in practically all regions of major water demand, future water resources development will require the construction of more storage dams. These are not only costly to build: there’s a high price to pay in environmental terms as well. Furthermore, the practicable limit of surface water resources development has been reached in some regions of high demand, and it has become necessary to consider inter-basin and interstate surface water transfer schemes. (FAO.org ,2018)
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